Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT

Xiamen BRT

updated: 1 August 2019    Full page map    Xiamen BRT photos

Xiamen
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 11,807  North of Wolong Xiaocheng, N-S, AM peak, 2019.7.25   
BRT Standard score:  81. Overcrowding deduction 5   
Year system commenced: 2008  Opened 2008.9.1. Corridor 2 Binhai XC to TongAn Jul-10   
System name: Xiamen BRT   
City centre peak hour speed: 37.9 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 25-26 July 2019   
Number of BRT stations: 45   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 11,807  North of Wolong Xiaocheng, N-S, AM peak, 2019.7.25   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 103  Wolong Xiaocheng, N-S, AM peak, 2019.7.25   
City centre peak hour speed: 37.9 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 25-26 July 2019   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 37.9 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 25-26 July 2019   
Operational mode: trunk-only  has feeder routes, but not strongly integrated   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 0   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 8  K1, K2, K3, K5, K6, K7, K8, K9   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 115   
Highest peak hour boardings at a single station: 2,764  Caitang Station, 2019.7.26, AM peak   
Network of routes and corridors     
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     
Faster than a trotting donkey     
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 245   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 107   
Type of fare collection / verification technology: Card, token, Wechat   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 2  3 in the 18m buses   
BRT vehicle length: 12m, 18m   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 32   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 46   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel   
BRT bus manufacturer: Kinglong   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: HIKVISION   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     
Sliding doors in BRT stations     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     
System control centre     
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Audio announcements on BRT buses     

Other

BRT Standard score:  81. Overcrowding deduction 5   
Year system commenced: 2008  Opened 2008.9.1. Corridor 2 Binhai XC to TongAn Jul-10   
System name: Xiamen BRT   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Xiamen BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 45   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Elevated busway  bus-only elevated road; some at-grade median aligned   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 68m   
Shortest BRT station: 40m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 55 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 55 km   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 1,300m  915m in e-w section   
Number of corridors: 3   
Number of BRT terminals: 4  Diyi Matou, Qianpu Shuniuzhan, Xiamen Beizhan, TongAn Shuniuzhan   
Number of BRT depots: 4  One at the end of each corridor   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     Including a tunnel and very long bridge
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels     
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     Riverside improvements on Xike corridor
Physical BRT laneway dividers     

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): distance-based  0.1 yuan/km, min 0.5 yuan, max 5 yuan   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan  1-4 yuan range based on distance   
Median smart card fare: 1.8 yuan  0.9-3.6 yuan range based on distance   
Infrastructure cost per km: 10 billion yuan for 48.9km  2008 value. Baidu Baike. ~35km elevated   
BRT bus operator(s): Xiamen BRT Operation Co.   
BRT management agency: Xiamen BRT Operation Co, Xiamen BRT Depot Co.   
Operating hours: 5:45am-11:30pm   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government     

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